Nisga’a Chiefs travel by water to Victoria to discuss the Nisga’a Land Question; they are turned away on the steps of the legislature by Premier William Smithe.


Aboriginal fishers are excluded from commercial fishing until 1923.


First Nisga’a Land Committee established.


Prime Minister Laurier promises to settle the Land Question.


Nisga’a Land Committee submits its petition to the British Privy Council in London.


Nisga’a Nation allotted 76 square kilometers of reserve land.


Ottawa prohibits Aboriginal people from organizing to discuss the Land Question.


Nisga’a Chief Frank Calder is elected to the B.C. legislature.


Parliament repeals provisions of the Indian Act that outlawed the potlatch and prohibited land claims activities.


Nisga’a Land Committee is reestablished as the Nisga’a Tribal Council; Frank Calder is elected its first president.


Aboriginal people are granted the right to vote in federal elections.


In the “Calder Decision,” the Supreme Court of Canada rules that the Nisga’a had held Aboriginal title before settlers came, but the judges split evenly on whether Aboriginal title continued to exist.


Nisga’a begin negotiating with Ottawa (B.C. government attends as an observer). The federal government adopts a “comprehensive land claims policy”; the Nisga’a claim is the only one in B.C. started under this new policy.


Constitution of Canada recognizes and affirms existing Aboriginal rights.


Nisga’a people begin managing their own healthcare system through the Nisga’a Valley Health Authority.


British Columbia formally enters Nisga’a negotiations.


A tripartite framework agreement is signed between the Nisga’a Nation, Canada, and British Columbia. 1992 Nisga’a Fisheries is established to manage the resource in partnership with Canada.


Wilp Wilxo’oskwhl Nisga’a (Nisga’a House of Wisdom) is established to provide Nisga’a-based post-secondary programs in Nisga’a communities and select urban centres.


B.C. delegates authority to the Nisga’a Nation for Child and Family Services.


On March 22, representatives of the Nisga’a Tribal Council, Canada, and British Columbia sign the Nisga’a Agreement in Principle, paving the way for a final agreement.


On August 4, the Nisga’a Treaty is initialed in New Aiyansh, making news around the world.

On November 7, the Nisga'a Nation votes to ratify the Nisga'a Final Agreement and adopt the Nisga'a Constitution. 

On November 30, the Nisga’a Final Agreement (Bill 51) is introduced in first reading to the British Columbia legislature.


On April 26, the Nisga’a Final Agreement (Bill 51) is granted Royal Assent.


On April 13, the Senate approves the Nisga’a Final Agreement; the Nisga’a Treaty is formally ratified and Bill C-9 is granted Royal Assent.

On May 11, Nisga’a Lisims Government formally comes into effect, constitutes itself, and passes first laws.

On September 14, Wilp Si’ayuukhl Nisga’a, Lisims government’s new legislative and administrative building, opens as the formal seat of Nisga’a government in New Aiyansh.


In December, the 28-kilometre Nisga’a Highway Kincolith Extension Project is complete, connecting Gingolx to the rest of the Nisga’a Nation and the wider North American road network.


Nisga’a Lisims Government establishes enTel Communications Inc. to bring broadband Internet access to the Nass Valley.


The Nisga’a Highway 113 Upgrade Project is complete. The project includes the upgrading of 90 kilometres of gravel source road to a paved, two-lane, 70 km/h year-round highway.

The Forestry Transition Committee concludes and the Nisga’a Nation takes full control of all timber resources on Nisga'a Lands.


After six years of dedicated work, the Anhluut’ukwsim Saw’inskhl Nisga’a (the printed version of Ayuukhl Nisga’a) is presented for the first time at the Nisga’a Nation Special Assembly. A cornerstone of the Nisga’a culture, the document is a gift to future generations.


Groundbreaking for the Nisga’a Museum takes place in July.


On May 11, 2010 Nisga’a people—along with fellow British Columbians, Canadians, and friends from around the world—gather to celebrate the first decade of the Nisga’a Final Agreement.


On May 11, 2011 the Nisga'a Nation officially opens the Nisga'a Museum.  This facility houses the Nisga'a artifacts repatriated from Canada and BC under the Nisga'a Final Agreement and is a permanent place for all peoples to experience the rich life and legacy of Nisga’a Nation.



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